Can. 1249 The divine law binds all the Christian faithful to do penance each in his or her own way. In order for all to be united among themselves by some common observance of penance, however, penitential days are prescribed on which the Christian faithful devote themselves in a special way to prayer, perform works of piety and charity, and deny themselves by fulfilling their own obligations more faithfully and especially by observing fast and abstinence, according to the norm of the following canons.
Can. 1250 The penitential days and times in the universal Church are every Friday of the whole year and the season of Lent.
Ash Wednesday, the first day of Lent, is between February 4 and March 10. Fact: Ash Wednesday has never yet fallen on February 29!
Solemnities usually transfer to the following Monday when they fall on a Sunday during Lent or Holy Week.
- St. Joseph, Spouse of the Blessed Virgin Mary – March 19. Where not observed as a holy day of obligation (as in the US), the episcopal conference may transfer it to a date outside of Lent if it coincides with Palm Sunday.
- Annunciation of the Lord – March 25. If it falls on any day of Holy Week, the Annunciation is always transferred to the Monday after the Second Sunday of Easter, between March 30 and April 9, rather than the general rule of to the next day not occupied by a celebration with at least the rank of feast.
Feast Days (USCCB):
- Chair of St. Peter, Apostle – February 22. May fall in ordinary time.
Books and Audio Stories:
*For simplicity, the below includes saints with feast days in February and March; “Easter” has April and May feast days, and “Ordinary Time” most other months*